Milk & Dairy Producers
Old Hall Farm, Alkmonkton, Ashbourne, Derbyshire DE6 3DH
We are a small, family run business based in Alkmonton, just south of Ashbourne in Derbyshire. The ‘Alkmonton Ayrshire’ herd was established in August 2013 by Paul, Lenora and son Richard. In April 2019 Richard married Jo (a local dairy farmer’s daughter).
Together, we wanted to come up with a way of promoting our own products locally, cutting out the middle man and getting it straight to the people on our doorstep – so here we are!
We supply our products to the local area through cafes, shops, hotels and even a doorstep delivery service to certain areas. Like all farmers, the environment is important to us, and we aim to be as environmentally friendly as possible.
West Country Water Buffalo, Higher Oakley Farm, Chilthorne Domer, Yeovil, Somerset BA22 8LS
Raw milk, ice cream and Mozarella cheese produced from a herd of Water Buffalo.
Buffalicious is a brand belonging to West Country Buffalo. The herd at Higher Oakley Farm are grazed on pasture in the summer months and housed indoors in winter.
Water Buffalo produce a rich, creamy milk which is lower in cholesterol than dairy milk and great tasting beef. All forage fed to the cattle is home produced and they a fed minimal nutritional supplements.
You can buy Buffalicious products via a shop on the farm and at local farmer's markets. Check the website for more details.
Bybrook Dairy Products
Lidbrook Barn, Box, Corsham, Wiltshire SN13 8PT
Delicious, 100% natural Greek-style yoghurt made on the farm using milk from the dairy cows free to graze on lush, green pastures, near Bath.
Our yoghurts are really high in protein, low in sugar as the whey is drained off, no added sugar, thickening agents or preservatives, just pasteurised milk and live probiotic cultures, which are fantastic for good gut health, not to mention all the vitamins, calcium and minerals.
We deliver direct to local outlets within a few hours of production.
Please get in touch if you want to find out more.
Caroline's Dairy Ice Cream
Chalder Farm, Sidlesham, Chichester, West Sussex PO20 7RN
We launched our ice cream in 2008 with four flavours, Now we have two different menus, one for retail which includes 120ml and 500ml pots and the other for restaurants and scooping customers
All of our ice cream is made with milk from the cows on our beautiful farm. You can order it through our online shop and collect straight from the farm. You can also buy our ice cream in a number of local farm shops and outlets and we attend local events with our ice cream vans and bikes.
We also sell fresh, pasteurised and unhomogenised milk direct from the farm. Contact us to check opening times and availability.
Cherry View Milk
Field House Farm, Etton Road, Cherry Burton, Beverley HU17 7RP
We supply award winning, fresh, unhomogenised milk from our small herd of pedigree Holsteins who graze on lush pastures at Cherry Burton, near Beverley.
The milk is not homogenised or standardised, meaning it is distinctively creamy. Milk can be purchased from a specialist milk vending machine which is located in the heart of our farm yard. Milk can be purchased in glass bottles which can then be reused endlessly to reduce waste.
Cherry View Milk offers a great opportunity to support local producers and gives families the chance to show children where their food comes from.
Cote Hill Cheese
Cote Hill Farm, Osgodby, Market Rasen, Lincolnshire LN8 3PD
Our ethos is simple. Contented grazing cows, produce amazing quality milk, which with a lot of skill and expertise create great tasting cheese. We liken making great cheese to making great wine. The soil & earth has such an impact on how the grass grows & tastes
The morning milk at Cote Hill Farm is taken direct from the cows into the cheese rooms to be hand crafted into our award winning Cote Hill Cheeses. By not pasteurising the milk it allows the full complex flavour of the milk to be a part of the finished cheeses.
You can order whole cheese, instant cheeseboards or a little bit of everything, take your pick. Order direct from our website for delivery.
South Waterhayne Farm, Yarcombe, Honiton, Devon EX14 9AX
We produce freshly pasteurised milk and milkshakes from our herd of cows at South Waterhayne Farm, Yarcombe, East Devon.
We run a traditional family farm where our cows are free to graze in fields throughout the summer months.
You can buy our milk direct from a vending machine on the farm and also buy 1 litre and 500ml glass bottles which you can reuse time and time again.
Back Lane Farm, Back Lane, Ashley, Altrincham, Cheshire, WA15 0QJ
We are the Davies family and we produce fresh, pasteurised, whole milk, which we sell straight from our family dairy herd. We milk a mixed herd of 100 Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss and Shorthorn cows.
The milk is pasteurised in our own dairy on the farm and is unhomogenised, so the cream still rises to the top.
You can buy our milk 7 days a week (7.00am - 9.30pm) from a vending machine on the farm. Reusable glass bottles can be bought to fill with beautiful milk and refill each time you visit. You can also choose from a range off different milkshake syrups and make your super-fresh own milkshake to take home.
For more information visit our Facebook page.
Dorset Dairy Co
Cribhouse Farm, Stallbridge, Sturminster NewtonDorset DT10 2RD
Dan is the third generation of the family to embrace the world of dairy farming at Crib House Farm. He began culturing milk on the AGA in the farm kitchen and straining it through cheese cloth to achieve a thick, creamy texture. The results were an instant success with family and friends and so the idea of Dorset Strained Yoghurt was born.
As sales grew, so did the amount of cream by-product and this was in turn fermented into Dorset Cultured Cream and churned into Dorset Cultured Butter.
Today The Dorset Dairy Co sells its natural strained yoghurt along with these other products and fresh milk which is sold through vending machines in local towns and villages
Church Farm, Leonard Stanley, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire GL10 3NP
Artisan cheeses made on the farm, from a herd of free range cows producing milk to Pasture Promise standards.
Liz & Bryan (Godsell) make traditional Double Gloucester cheese and a number of other great tasting cheeses that have a real local feel. Liz is a third generation farmer and her daughter Lily now helps out on the farm too.
You can find Godsell's cheeses in a number of outlets in Gloucestershire, including Mid Counties Coop stores and Gloucester Services and you can order beautiful selections of cheese via the website. Lily, is now launching a milk vending machine on the farm, offering pastuerised, unhomogenised milk in reusable glass bottles.
Gorsehill Abbey Farm
Gorsehill Abbey Farm, Collin Lane, Broadway, Worcestershire WR12 7PB
Gorsehill Abbey Farm is an organic dairy farm situated between the foothills of the Cotswolds and the fertile ground of the vale of Evesham.
The Shaylor family have a small herd of Jersey cross cows which are fed almost exclusively from grass and produce delicious creamy milk. It is a family farm with the milking, pasteurising and bottling all done by the family on site.
Milk is sold at their on site honesty shop (The Milk Shed) which also stocks milkshakes, free range eggs and apple juice. Gorsehill Abbey Farm milk is also sold in a number of local outlets.
Great Trewen Milk Shed
Great Trewen Farmhouse, Whitchurch, Ross-On-Wye, Herefordshire HR9 6ES
The Amos family have farmed at Great Trewen, in the Wye Valley, since 1963. Today, three generations of the family are involved in running the farm and caring for the dairy cows.
We produce super-fresh, free range milk from our herd of 140 Holstein-Friesian cows and sell it through a vending machine at nearby Llangrove Village Hall and table top dispensers in local village stores. We also supply our milk to local cafes, the village school and a childrens nursery.
The milk is pasteurised on the farm, within an hour of the cows being milked and delivered to outlets daily. We sell whole, unhomogensied milk that tastes like 'proper milk' should.
Greyleys Jersey Milk
Grey Leys Farm, Elvington, York YO41 4AX
We are a family-run dairy farm, milking 220 pedigree Jersey cows.
David Shaw, a fourth-generation farmer, established the jersey herd in 1968.
All our cows are treated as individuals and given the freedom to express natural behaviours. After all, happy cows make the most delicious milk.
We pasteurise our beautiful Jersey milk on the farm and it can be purchased directly through our vending machines on the Rydal Garage forecourt in Elvington and at the Balloon Tree Farm Shop and Café in Gate Helmsley.
Holy Cow Organic Milk
Eastfield Farm, East Street, North Perrott, Crewkerne, Somerset TA18 7SW
Here at Holy Cow, we stand by the principle that getting the best milk starts with happy, healthy cows. That’s why our herd of 320 organic cows spend their days grazing, roaming and dozing outdoors at Eastfield Farm in South Somerset.
Our delicious organic whole milk is ready to drink within hours of the cow being milked, after being pasteurised and cooled on our family-run farm. This means there is no heavy processing and very low food miles.
Holy Cow milk is unhomogenised so the cream will rise to the top – a treat for the first person to open the bottle! We deliver milk to our vending machines on a regular basis, ensuring the milk you buy is never more than 48 hours old. We hope you enjoy the difference!
Overton Farm, Babcary, Somerton Somerset
The farm is run by Dave and his partner Rosie, but it’s the Guernsey cows that makes the Hurdlebrook produce special. All 200 of them have their own names and personalities; Dave’s favourite is a gentle little cow called Sunshine, whilst Rosie’s favourite is Rosey!
The Guernsey raw milk is golden in colour due to the breed’s inefficiency to digest the beta carotene in the grass and forage. This gives the milk the beautiful flavour and colour, and also makes it silkier, thicker and more delicious than standard milk in a way that is hard to describe.
The farm also produces a range of yoghurts using the same milk but it is pasteurised for this puropse
Just Jerseys Micro Dairy
Teme Street, Tenbury Wells, Worcestershire
We are a small, family-run micro-dairy, with 6 beautiful Jersey cows. We try to keep our cows out in pastures for as long as possible and they are milked through a mobile milking machine.
Our delicious, creamy milk is unhomogenised, to leave the cream on the top like it was in the good old days. We supply our milk through our own milk vending machine in the centre of Tenbury Wells, making it accessible to local people. We also have a 'Moo Shake ' bar at the vending machine, where you can make your own fantastic milkshakes using our milk.
We are environmentally concious using re-usable glass bottles for our milk, with no plastic! We hope to offer a local milk delivery service in the coming months. Follow us on social media for updates
Fordsyke Farm, Scaleby, Carlisle, Cumbria CA6 4LW
Hello, my name is Katherine and welcome to Katherines Jersey Milk. I have a total of 44 Jersey cows, 38 with the Katherines Jersey prefix, 2 with the Monument and one Bayview.
Our milk is created by our friendly homebred brown cows by producing luxurious milk, with a traditional cream line. It has a deliciously rich and creamy flavour and a wonderful golden colour.
The milk is processed within minutes of leaving the milking parlour and can be in our vending machine here on the farm in two hours. Our milk is unhomogenised. This means that the cream rises to the top, as it should.
Kingarth Farm Dairy
Kingarth Farm, Town Street, Burton Overy, Leicester LE8 9DT
Award winning milk and cream in glass bottles, from our beautiful free range cows direct from our small family farm. Sustainably produced on the farm with no food miles. Gently pasteurised in small batches for taste and quality.
The Barbour family have farmed and milked cows in Burton Overy for over 100 years. Our milk is simply Pasteurised, Not Homogenised or Standarised, which means that over time the cream in the milk will rise to the top.
We offer whole and semi-skimmed milk as well as fresh cream made from our own milk, through a vending machine on farm.
Iden Manor Farm, Cranbrook Rad, Staplehurst, Kent TN12 0ES
We are the Reynolds family. We’ve been milking cows for over 30 years and for the last 10 years we have been using the milk to make our cheeses.
A cow’s natural feed is grass and we grow it all here on the farm. The cows graze as much as weather conditions allow during the year and then eat the conserved grass silage during the winter.
Our milk is fresh and creamy, just a few minutes old when piped five meters from the parlour into our cheese vat. Used raw and still warm, we can get going straight away on the cheesemaking process. We make Kentish Blue and Kingcott Blue cheeses. You can buy our cheese via the website or through stockists in the south east of England.
Llanfair Fach, Llanfair Clydogau, Lampeter, Ceredigion SA48 8JZ
Llaeth Lanfair have established the first mobile milk vending machine in Ceredigion.
We sell fresh pasteurised milk straight from our own herd of cows, through a vending machine in a converted trailer that we take to different locations around our local area.
You can buy a reusable 1 litre glass bottle from a vending machine in the trailer and fill up with our beautiful milk.
Check out our Facebook page for details of where the vending machine can be found on each day of the week and enjoy some great tasting milk from a local dairy farm.
Leedham Farm Dairy
Lindridge Farm, Lindridge Lane, Desford, Leicestershire LE9 9FD
At Leedham Farm Dairy, we are a family run farm and have been producing our own milk for four family generations.
We offer whole & semi-skimmed, pasteurised, non-homogenised milk straight from our self-serve vending machine. Our milk is produced by our happy herd of Montbeliarde, Holstein and Norwegian Red Cows. We take great pride in the health and welfare of our cattle. Our herd has a high health status and is part of the Red Tractor accredited farm assurance scheme.
When you visit us you can use our hot drinks machine to make your own coffee and hot chocolate with our farm-fresh milk. We also offer a range of milkshake syrups for you to make your favourite milkshake.
We also sell beef from our Aberdeen Angus, Wagyu and Simmental cross cattle.
Lochmeyler Farm Ice Cream
Llandeloy, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire SA62 6LL
Lochmeyler Farm is a 300 acre dairy farm in North Pembrokeshire. We (Matthew and Margo) began making ice cream with our cows milk in 2018.
Since then we have proudly been awarded 7 Great Taste Awards for our home-made ice creams and sorbets and we have just over 80 flavours to choose from!
You can buy our award winning ice cream and sorbets direct from the farm and we are super excited to say we will have a new Ice Cream Parlour opening on the farm this spring.
Please check our Facebook page for more details @farmicecream
Greystone House, Kings Meaburn, Cumbria CA10 3BU
The farm has been in our family for at least twelve generations. It covers roughly 600 acres around the village of King's Meaburn and includes dairy, beef, sheep and a small suckler herd of Simmentals.
In 2007 my parents, Chris and Caroline, made the decision to go organic and we have continued to expand within this system since then. Since then, we have mainly focussed our efforts on the production of organic milk.
In 2021, we started to produce our own range of dairy products, in an effort to delineate our fortunes from our milk price and share our excellent produce with a wider market. This is chiefly led by yoghurt, skyr and butter, though we are also experimenting with cheese and liquid milk supply to the local area and beyond.
Brookside View, Hodge Lane, Birch Cross, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire ST14 8PE
Welcome to Marchwood Farming – a family-run farm which is diversifying to supply you with high quality, local milk. The farm, which has been in our family since 1969, has recently been taken over by Jenny, who has grown up on the farm with her parents.
As a family, we care for our cows immensely and are fortunate enough to drink their fresh milk every day. Compared to other milk you can buy, our milk is produced and then pasteurised right here on our farm therefore has no food miles at all.
We are now installing our milk hut, which will house a vending machine dispensing fresh milk direct from our cows here on the farm.
Meon Valley Milk
Lodge Farm, Southwick, Hampshire PO17 6BA
Meon Valley Milk stems from a small family farm in Hampshire, producing high quality milk for over 35 years. Fourth generation; Stewart Humphrey of Lodge Farm in Southwick introduces ‘Meon Valley Milk’. Providing fresh milk direct from the farm to the customer, through a self-service vending machine.
We pride ourselves in quality and care, reassuring our customers of a happy and healthy herd, with the knowledge of knowing exactly where their milk is coming from.
Our aim is to share delicious milk with the local community, whilst reducing food miles and the use of plastic. We hope the vending machine will encourage households to do their bit towards helping the environment and convert from buying plastic milk cartons to purchasing a re-usable glass bottle that can be refilled again and again.
Milly Moo's Milk
Church Farm, Maiden Bradley, Warminster, Wiltshire BA12 7HN
Fresh, whole, pasteurised milk produced by the Higgins family at Church, Farm, Maiden Bradley.
We sell our super-fresh milk direct from our dairy herd through three local milk vending machines. When you visit the vending machines you can also buy reusable glass bottles that you can refill again and again.
The vending machines are open 24 hours a day / seven days a week and we are now offering a range of milk syrups with our milk, so you can create your own amazing milkshakes.
Follow us in Facebook to keep updated with developments.
Moo 2 Yoo
Manor Lodge, All Cannings, Devizes, Wiltshire
Moo 2 Yoo is situated in the heart of All Cannings in the beautiful Pewsey Vale and is owned by Husband and Wife team Mat & Chrissie Crossman.
We manage a mixed herd of Friesian and Holstein cows at Manor Farm, who spend up to 8 months of the year out at grass. Our milk is gently pasteurised on the farm and is totally unprocessed in any other way.
The self-service milk vending machine is located just 0.3 miles from the farm, right outside All Cannings village shop which is easily accessible, with parking on site.
Our delicious milk can be purchased through our vending machine using our beautiful, re-usable 1 litre glass bottles which are £2 each (cash only)
North Cotswold Dairy Co
Butlers Road Farm, Butlers Road, Long Compton, Shipston-On-Stour CV36 5LQ
North Cotswold Dairy sell fresh milk direct from herd of around 80 cows milked on a Warwickshire County Council Farm.
Pete's cows originate from his grandfather's herd. They all have names and the long established bloodlines are very important in maintaining a healthy and productive herd today.
The milk is pasteurised just yards from the milking parlour and sold through a vending machine. You can purchase a reusable glass bottle and refill it again and again. Cream from the milk is also sold through an honesty fridge.
The milk can also be bought through a growing number of local outlets. Check the website for more details.
Palmers Farm Milk
Palmers Farm, Clayhidon, Cullompton, Devon,
We are excited to announce that we will be opening up our fresh milk vending machine and milkshake bar at our family farm in Clayhidon, Devon in June!
We’re a tenth-generation, family-run farm in the Blackdown Hills and take huge pride in looking after our herd of gorgeous girls. We believe a happy life spent grazing the fields makes for the most delicious, nutritious milk around.
Customers will be able to purchase fresh pasteurised, non-homogenised whole milk from us, or create their own delicious milkshakes from a variety of syrup flavours. We will have reusable 1 litre glass bottles available to purchase, or alternatively, you can bring your own. We will also have compostable cups available too so that you can enjoy a smaller 500ml serving on the spot.
Our milk stand is located just over a mile outside of Hemyock and we think it would make the perfect stop if you are out on your bike or enjoying a family walk.
Plurenden Manor Farm
Plurenden Manor Farm, Plurenden Lane, Ashford, Kent TN26 3JW
We have been at Plurenden for over 11 years now & our girls are happy to be offering their delicious milk for delivery direct to your doorstep.
We are sure that the creamiest tastiest milk comes from happy healthy cows that are allowed to graze all summer & are fed home-grown forage through the winter.
Our cows are a friendly herd- a liquorish allsorts of Pedigree PlurendenManor Holstein Friesians- black and whites and red and whites and Dutch Fleckveihs.
We offer a twice weekly doorstep delivery service to various locations across Kent and East Sussex.
Reader's Milk Station
Pyrland Farm, Cheddon Road, Taunton, Somerset
Reader's Milk Station is part of a wider family farming business located at Pyrland Farm, Taunton. The business consists of a dairy and potato farm, farm shop and now milk and milkshake vending machine which we opened in October 2021.
We are a family run farm and take pride in how we look after our cows. We sell whole, pasteurised milk, produced by our herd of pedigree Holstein cows.
The milk is processed within a few metres of the main cowshed and sold at the farmgate. When you visit us you can also buy reusable glass bottles to take your milk home in and use again and again.
Thank you for choosing us and buying local. Follow our social media for news & updates - @readersmilkstation
Stokehouse Farm Dairy
Stokehouse Farm, Bradninch, Exeter, Devon, EX5 4LT
We are Matthew & Christiana Heard and we farm at Stokehouse Farm, on the Duchy of Cornwall Estate, near the town of Bradninch in Devon.
Five years ago we installed a second hand milking parlour and started milking cows. But this brought a lot of different challenges due to fluctuating milk prices. So in summer 2021 we decied to have a rethink and sold our milking cows.
Now we have started milking again and we process our own milk and sell it through vending machines located on the farm and other local sites. Our cows are milked once a day and spend most of the year grazing in fields.
We currently have milk vending machines at our farm, Culm Valley Sports Centre in Cullompton and at Moorhayes Community Centre in Tiverton, where you can buy our beautiful, farm fresh milk in reusable glass bottles and make your own milkshakes. Click button below for Facebook updates.
Susana & Daughters
Cowdray Estate, Cowdray Park, Midhurst, West Sussx GU29 0AQ
Our Kefir is made by adding live and active kefir cultures to non-homogenised milk produced on the Cowdray Estate and then letting the mixture ferment slowly and at the right temperature to develop its creamy goodness and flavour and that's it! - nothing else!
The culture is made from kefir grains, a living colony of naturally occurring beneficial bacteria and healthy yeasts that were first found in the Caucasus Mountains thousands of years ago.
Kefir is also a true super food. Naturally packed with calcium, vitamins and billions of friendly bacteria, this delicious cultured milk drink has unparalleled probiotic properties.
The health benefits of kefir have been established over many centuries – in fact the word ‘kefir’ itself literally means ‘long life’ in old Turkish!
The Kedar Pantry
Kedar Barns, Beyond the Burn, Mouswald, Dumfries DG1 4LX
The Kedar Pantry is a farm shop sited on an organic dairy farm producing milk and cheese from a herd of Brown Swiss cows, under the Kedar Cheese brand,
Gavin & Jane, who have been producing milk at Beyond the Burn for over 20 years, now make artisan Mozzarella from the dairy herd which is looked after by their eldest son Jonny.
You can buy a range of our amazing artisan cheeses and fresh, whole, pasteurised milk along with cakes, scone, bread, jams, chutneys and sauces all made by ourselves. We also plan to produce and sell our own fruit, veg and meat by the end of 2021.
The Udder Stuff
The Cranberry Farm Pub, Badger's Lane, Cranbrook, Devon EX5 7FN
As a dairy farmer's daughter, I've always had a passion for farming and how our food is produced.
For me, buying local food straight from the farm, cutting out the middleman, makes sense. It improves transparency of the supply chain, it reduces the time and processes before food gets to your plate.
So I decided to cut out the middle man and bring our food straight to you - from moo to you, from grass to glass, from farm gate to your plate. This spring I am opening a milk vending machine at the Cranberry Farm Pub and I'm also planning other exciting dairy diversifications in the near future!
Tytherington Milk Station
Bullsbridge Farm, Tytherington, Frome, Somerset BA11 5EP
On the outskirts of Frome, Tytherington Milk Station is located on the farmgate at Bullsbridge Farm in the village of Tytherington. Bullsbridge Farm is a traditional family run dairy farm home to the Salmon family for over 80 years.
The Milk Station was established in 2017 and today comprises of a network of milk vending machines on the farm and other local outlets. Glass bottles are available to be purchased in an adjacent vending machine next to the milk vending machine.
The farm is part of the Free Range Dairy Network's Pasture Promise scheme, which means the cows are grazed for a minimum of 180 days a year.
Verney's Molton Ice
Parsonage Farm, Bishops Nympton, South Molton, Devon
We use milk from our own dairy herd in Devon to make a selection of Artisan Ice Creams. Our herd of black and white dairy cows are milked twice a day on our North Devon farm. The milk is then separated to make the cream, which we combine with British sugar and other carefully selected ingredients to make different flavour ice creams.
We have developed our own recipes, to include a delicious variety of sorbets and dairy free alternatives in 5 litre Scooping Tubs & Spoon in the lid pots Dairy Ice Creams.
We supply our ice cream, sorbets and dairy free options to those looking for locally sourced Devon produce. We offer a wide variety of flavours and are always happy to discuss particular requests if you require a bespoke flavours please get in touch to discuss further.
Vine Farm Dairy
Vine Farm, Top End, Great Dalby, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire LE14 2HA
The Chandler/ Mann family has farmed the land in Great Dalby for over a hundred years. The dairy started at Vine Farm in the 1950’s with two cows, who were milked by hand.
Today we produce free range milk from our 350 strong herd of happy Montbeliarde, Holstein and Jersey cows who graze our beautiful grass pastures. We are lucky enough to drink this fresh milk every day and you can buy it through a vending machine on the farm.
Our milk has been pasteurised to kill any harmful bacteria, but it has not been through the industrial processes of homogenisation, separation or standardisation, meaning it retains all of its flavour and quality. We hope you will enjoy drinking it as much as we do.
Wholly Gelato & Milk
Barhouse Farm, Elmore, Gloucester GL2 3NT
Here in Elmore, we have a wonderful herd of many colours, which graze on the pastures of the Severn vales and produce the most beautiful milk.
The milk can be purchased through our vending machine on the farm, doing away with single-use plastic and using glass bottles. We also produce beautiful Italian-style ice cream - Wholly Gelato, in a wide range of flavours, which can be bought direct from our Scoop Shop on the farm.
We adhere to Pasture Promise free range standards, which means our cows are free to graze in fields for a minimum of 180 days a year.